Legal Liability for Nonprofits: How Your Organization Can Stay Protected

Nonprofit organizations are an essential part of the communities they serve, and their work is often directed towards social causes, charity, education, religious, and other public-serving purposes. However, engaging in these activities may expose nonprofit organizations to various legal liabilities, which can lead to significant financial losses, reputational damage, or even closure of the organization. In this article, we will discuss legal liability for nonprofits and provide some tips on how they can stay protected.

What is legal liability for nonprofits?

Legal liability refers to the legal responsibility of an organization or an individual for their actions or inaction resulting in injury, damages, or violation of laws and regulations. Nonprofit organizations can be held liable for various reasons, including:

1. Negligence: If a nonprofit organization fails to take reasonable steps to prevent harm or injury, it can be held liable for negligence. For example, if a charity event is not organized properly, and someone gets injured, the organization can be held liable for damages.

2. Employment practices: Nonprofits are subject to a variety of employment laws, and failure to adhere to them can result in legal liability. For example, if an organization discriminates against an employee on the basis of their gender, race, or religion, it can be held liable for damages.

3. Contractual obligations: Nonprofit organizations often enter into contracts with vendors, service providers, and other entities. If they fail to fulfill their contractual obligations, they can be held liable for breach of contract and associated damages.

4. Sexual harassment and abuse: Nonprofits that work with vulnerable populations such as minors or victims of domestic violence can face legal liability for sexual harassment and abuse by their employees, volunteers, or contractors.

5. Tax compliance: Nonprofits are subject to specific tax laws, and failure to comply can lead to legal liability and loss of tax-exempt status.

How can nonprofits stay protected?

Nonprofits can take various steps to protect themselves from legal liability, including:

1. Obtaining adequate insurance coverage: Nonprofits should have insurance coverage that specifically covers their activities and risks. Directors and officers (D&O) liability insurance and general liability insurance are essential for most nonprofits.

2. Establishing and following policies and procedures: Nonprofits should have comprehensive policies and procedures in place that cover their operations, HR, financial management, and other areas. These policies should be regularly reviewed and updated to minimize the risk of legal liability.

3. Conducting background checks: Nonprofits should screen their employees, volunteers, and contractors to minimize the risk of hiring individuals with a history of criminal or unethical behavior.

4. Implementing appropriate HR practices: Nonprofits should ensure that their employment practices are compliant with federal and state laws and regulations. This includes posting all required notices, maintaining personnel files, and conducting regular performance evaluations.

5. Seeking professional legal advice: Nonprofits should consult with legal professionals who have expertise in nonprofit law. They can help nonprofits stay compliant with applicable laws and regulations and provide guidance on legal liability issues.


Legal liability is a significant risk for nonprofit organizations. By taking proactive steps to mitigate legal liability, nonprofits can protect themselves from financial and reputational damage and continue to pursue their mission. Adequate insurance coverage, comprehensive policies and procedures, appropriate HR practices, and professional legal advice are essential for any nonprofit organization that wishes to stay protected.